India has always carried thousands of years of rich cultural and natural heritage, 86 national parks, 448 wildlife reserves, more than 2.4 million temples, mosques and churches, majestic forts and palaces, the Great Himalayas, vast coastline and many attractions including, one of the seven wonders of the world, the Taj Mahal. Step into a world of splendid colors, wide-open spaces and exotic cultural treasures. We want to invite you to a dream vacation in India.
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In 1733 AD, Raja Badan Singh 's son, Suraj Mal had shown signs of promise, when he captured the fort of Bharatpur from Khemkaran, the rival chief, whom he killed and thus laid the foundation of Bharatpur City. Maharaja Suraj Mal displayed immense courage and carved a niche for himself in the midst of political disorder. Gathering around him fiercely martial Jat peasants, he went from one success to another. He accompanied Emperor Muhammed Shah against Ali Muhammed Ruhela and in 1748 AD, at the battle of Bagru, he led the Jaipur vanguard against the Marathas. He also defeated the commander-in-chief of the Mughal emperor. Despite being a very religious man he was secular.
The history of Bharatpur dates back to the epic age, when the Matsya Kingdom flourished here in the 5th century BC The matsya were allies of the Pandavas in the Mahabharata war. According to tradition the name of Bharatpur is traced to Bharat, the brother of lord Rama of Ayodhya whose other brother Laxman was given the high place of family deity of the ruling family of Bharatpur. His name also appears in the state seals and coat-of-arms. Bharatpur is also called the Eastern gateway of Rajasthan. Maharaja Suraj Mal. Apart from being a brave General was also a great builder. He built numerous forts and palaces across the kingdom including the Pleasure Palace complex at Deeg. Bharatpur is today known the world over for its Keoladeo Ghana National Park.
The Keoladeo National Park, earlier known as the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, is located in the Bharatpur region of Rajasthan, India. This avifauna sanctuary is famous for being home to thousands of birds (over 230 species), especially during summer.
This park is also known as Keoladeo Ghana National Park, and attracts ornithologists during the hibernal season. The park was declared in 1971 as a protected sanctuary. It is a wetland made and managed to protect the Bharatpur region from frequent floods. Formerly used as a place for waterfowl hunting, this park now serves as grazing ground for village cattle. Locally known as Ghana, this park of about 29 km consists of wetlands, dry grass woods, woodlands and woodland swamps. The diverse fauna of this park includes over 230 species of birds, 50 species of fish, 7 species of amphibians, 13 species of snakes, 7 species of turtles, 5 species of lizards and other invertebrates. Also, 379 floral species are found in the Keoladeo National Park. During winters thousands of waterfowls migrate here for breeding and short-term stay.
The Bharatpur government museum is situated in the heart of Lohargarh fort. Bharatpur government museum is replete with some of the most unique and archaic artifacts and archaeological resources. The government museum of Bharatpur is the abode of old and archaic souvenirs that are of rare quality.
Initially this museum was an enormous building known as Kachahari kalan. It was the administrative section of the great rulers of the district of Bharatpur. Later on, Kachahari kalan was changed into a government museum in the year 1944 A.D. The Kamra Khas or the personal block of the Bharatpur Rajas became an important part of the museum. This museum displays to the visitors the richness and grandeur of the Bharatpur kings. There are many priceless sculptures that adorn the houses of Bharatpur museum. They were discovered during the archaeological excavation of old villages namely Mailah, Noh, Bayana and Bareh.
Ganga Mandir was constructed by Maharaja Balwant Singh in the year 1845. It took around 90 long years to build this immaculate temple. It adorns the magnificent deity of Ganga Maharaj. The diety of Ganga Maharaj is made out of pristine white marble. This goddess is said to have been sitting on the back of a crocodile. There is also another striking idol of king Bhagiratha, which is 4 feet high. The gong of the Ganga temple has a very powerful reverberance, thus it can be heard from a great distance. The ganga temple is known to represent the purity and holiness of the goddess Ganga.
The temple is remarkable for its exquisite architecture. It is a two -storey mandir that combines various architectural styles. The temple walls and pillars are covered with excellent carvings. A sculpture of lord Krishna holding the mountain of Giri Raj stands on one side of the entrance gate of Ganga Mandir. On the other side of this gate lies the statues of Laxmi Narayanji and Shiva Parvati.
Lohagarh Fort popularly known as the Iron fort was constructed in the 18th century in the district of Bharatpur. Lohagarh Fort has an imperial history to boast about. This invincible fort was built by Maharaja Suraj Mal. Lohagarh fort was known to endure many British attacks. The fort of Lohagarh is amidst calm and serene surroundings. It is surrounded by lush green vegetation and a man-made island. The fort has to its credit three beautiful palaces namely the Kishori Mahal, Kothi Khas and Mahal Khas. These palaces reflect the opulence and grandeur of the then kings of Bharatpur. Maharaja Suraj Mal, the founder of this fort also built two towers within the precincts. They are known as the Fateh Burj and Jawahar Burj towers. These towers were built in order to proclaim his victory over the British invaders.